Spirit Summer SchoolDuring evolution animals have conquered the most extreme habitats and have evolved astonishing capabilities and a fascinating diversity of forms. Moreover, animal pests lead to significant crop loss and threaten human health directly or by transmitting diseases. However, it has remained a challenge to understand the genetic mechanisms underlying many zoological phenomena because functional genetic work has been restricted to a select number of highly developed model organisms.

With modern molecular methods, many organisms are now amenable to functional genetics: next generation sequencing can reveal genome sequences and expression profiles, RNA interference allows transcript levels to be knocked down to study gene function, new genome editing tools allow the genome to be modified with precision, and gene activity can be visualized in situ.



health-migration-2017The medical students from Ghent University are proud to present the 7th edition of the Summer School 'Health & Migration' in Ghent, Belgium. This 10-day educational program is packed with interesting lectures, altered with social and cultural activities.

Our goal is to introduce medical students to the reciprocal concepts of health and migration in an international context. To reach this goal, we aim to attract students from different backgrounds and nationalities as much as possible. We try to stimulate a culturally diverse debate and broaden the participants’ view on various subjects.



winterschool-2018The 8th U4 Winter School on Antiquity was held in Napels on the 'Interactions between Text and Object in Antiquity'. The event was held in collaboration with L'Università degli Studi di Napoli L'Orientale, which is specialized in the Humanities. The institution generously offered their conference venue and access to the rectorate, located at Palazzo Du Mesnil, which is named after the well-known Belgian architects.

The U4 delegation was greeted by Prof.ssa Elda Morlicchio, Rettrice dell'Università L'Orientale and afterwards, participating U4 students had the chance to interact with Neapolitan professors D’Onofrio, Gallo and Genito, as well as with postdocs and PhD’s from this university.



Physics UGOE smallThe HASCO Summer School 2017 will take place at the Georg-August-Universtät Göttingen from 16 to 22 July 2017.

The main focus of the hadron collider physics school (HASCO) includes introductory topics in elementary particle physics, in particular in hadron collider physics as relevant for research at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The summer school combines lectures and tutorials on theoretical foundations of the Standard Model of elementary particle physics as well as experimental techniques to test it. Furthermore, a focus is placed on statistical data analysis and an introduction to the software package ROOT as well as pp-physics at 13 TeV. In addition, students will have the opportunity to discuss state of the art measurements and results with senior scientists in the field.



Sternwarte smallTravel has long been a subject of inquiry in the history of science and scholarship. In recent years, the changes and development of the practices of travel, especially collecting and inscription during the long 18th century, have received special attention. Many studies focused on the changing aims, objectives and perceptions of travel, the collection of data and objects, the visualisation of observations and the collaborative nature of these practices. It has become clear how an earlier encyclopaedic attention was slowly supplanted by specific disciplinary interests and how this also shaped many fields of academic inquiry. Working "in the field" became a requisite of newly developed disciplines, like ethnography and the biological sciences. Indeed, these practices seem to have been instrumental in making scientific and scholarly careers.



Multilingualism smallThis Summer School 'Historical Linguistics' for advanced BA students, MA students, beginning PhD students will be organized by the University of Göttingen in cooperation with partner universities in Europe, the United States and Japan.

The international Summer School will welcome up to 20 advanced international students working on (or interested in) diachronic aspects of grammar and semantics/pragmatics, with a special focus on the interfaces between morphosyntax, semantics and pragmatics. Participants should have a background in diachronic syntax and/or semantics/pragmatics, preferably of Romance and Germanic languages. We offer three main theoretical courses, a two-week course on linguistic methods, a practical activity, and poster presentations by students.



11 3 smallThis Summer School 'Data Science' for advanced BA students, MA students, beginning PhD students will be organized by the University of Göttingen in cooperation with partner universities in Europe, the United States and Japan.

The use of the term "data science" is increasingly common, as is "big data". But what does it mean? What is unique about it? What skills do "data scientists" need to be productive in a world deluged by data? And what are the implications for scientific inquiry?

The fast adoption of advanced technologies by research communities enables new ways for generating, processing, structuring, and the collaborative use of data. This does not only have a profound impact on the amount of data produced, but also on the variety of data formats and the velocity of data generation and handling.



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